Monday   September  24, 2018
Local Customs and Practices

  The city of Lu’an has a long history. The people there are simple and honest and the local customs and practices are unique. The beautiful mountains, abundant food, ordinary life and daily work all form beautiful legends and local customs, which embody local people’s pursuit of the good and the beautiful.

 Local customs: of thick historical sediment and primitive simplicity
  Housing   In ancient time, the West Anhui area is based on agriculture. The house is required to follow the pattern of broad-front and high-rear. The door, normally, faces Southeast or Southwest.
  Food      In ancient time, the leading food of Lu’an is wheat, bean and sweat potato. In mountain areas, the leading food is corn, wheat and sweat potato. People, both in city and countryside, are habitual to manufacturing food, e.g. pickling egg before Tomb Sweeping Day, pickling soya-bean-sauce during plum-rain season, pickling vegetables after Li Dong, and pickling meat, fish and fowl after Dong Zhi. Local people make New Year Sticky-rice Cake before Spring Festival. Lu’an local people are constantly hospitable. In the ancient feast, there are normally eight or ten dishes, that is “Ba Da Hai” or “Shi Da Hai”.
  Marriage   In ancient time, the marriage is decided by parents’ demand and matchmaker’s words. The normal procedure follows: “Ti Hun” or “Ti Mei” (that is, to make the request of marriage to bride’s parents); “Jie Hun” or “Wan Hun” (that is, to get married). There are some traditional rituals during the wedding ceremony. After the ceremony, there are other rituals, such as “Hui Men”and “Hui Qin”.
  Etiquette   The traditional etiquette includes: welcoming guest, making a bow to welcome guests when they arrive, ushering the guests to upper seats and treating guests with tea and cigarettes. It is suitable for eight or ten t sit in the feast.

Festivals and customs: of colorful and varied types and of local characteristics.

  Spring Festival    There are many traditional customs concerning wishes and hopes of happiness, good luck and health. The 18th and 19th of the twelfth month of the lunar year are “Cleaning Day”, getting rid of the old t make way for the new to pray for health. The 23rd and 24th of the twelfth month of the lunar year are called “Xiaonian” (meaning small new year), praying for safe and sound life. And the last day of the lunar year is called “Chu Xi”---the Spring Festival’s Eve. “Chu Xi” and the 1st and 2nd day of the first month of the new lunar year are together called “Guonian”, that is the Spring Festival. In the morning of the 3rd day, firecrackers are used to mark “Songnian”, that is the end of the Spring Festival.
  Lantern Festival    “Lantern Festival is just like having Spring Festival”, and “Early Lantern Festival and late Spring Festival” are the conventions belonging to Lu’an. If one eat Yuan Xiao (glutinous rice dumplings) and Jiao Zi (Chinese dumpling) with filling of copper coin or coin, he is “lucky in earning money” in breakfast. After breakfast, people would go to market, or go to viewing lanterns, or go playing. In the evening, both city and countryside celebrate the gala of lighted lanterns.
  Dragon Boat Day    On that day, Zongzi and racing dragon boats are prevailing. There are many different kinds of stuffing of Zongzi, such as meat, date and ham. Racing dragon boat, decorated as dragon with various colors, is a marvelous competition in aquatic sports. All boats dashed out with the signal and sportsman paddle vigorously. Cheers from the audience along the river bank rumble tighter with the energetic competition.
  Mid-autumn Festival    Legend has it that “Earlier Mid-autumn Festival, later Spring Festival”. If the night of Mid-autumn Festival is clear and fresh, every household would seated together around the table full of moon cake and fruit under the bright and round moon. In countryside, people would also hold other activities to celebrate the festival.

Lucky numbers: In west Anhui district, even common furniture contains lucky numbers, conveying people’s wishes.
  Table cannot do without number “nine”    The dinner table, also called big table, is classified into simple square one and “Baxianzhuo” (old-fashioned square table designed to seat eight people). The sizes of table are all connected with number “nine”, because Chinese characters “nine” and “wine” are similar in sound, which connoted that a feast cannot go without wine.
  Bench cannot do without number “three”    The length of bench must be ended with number “three”, such as 3 chi and 3 cun or 3 chi and zero point 3 fen. Such convention dates back to ancient story of “Taking Oath in the Peach Garden”. It implies that those who seat themselves on the same bench are friends or buddies.
  Bed cannot do without “ban”    The width of bed contains “ban” (means half), such as five cun or five fen, for either double one or single one. In Chinese characters, the meaning half and spouse have same sound.
  Door cannot contain number “five”   The door of central room is normally two-slashed. The width of each slash cannot contain number “five”, which may attract “The Grim Reaper” in superstition.

 Three famous wines around Changjiang and Huaihe District
  There are several famous white wines in Lu’an thanks to its unique weather and environment. Among them, Yingjiagong Wine, Zhonghua Yuquan Wine and Longjin Beer are the three famous wines.

 “Five Golden Flowers” of green tea
  West Anhui area is the leading producing base of tea in China. It has got its fame at home and abroad for its long history, concentration of many famous tea and excellent quality. And most famous “Five Golden Flowers” are Lu'an Melon Seed Tea, Huoshan Yellow Bud Tea, Jinzai Green Eyebrow Tea, Shucheng Orchid Green Tea and Hua Mountain Silver Pekoe

 Toufu from Bagong Mountain
  The world-famous Bagongshan Toufu comes from Bagong Mountain in Shouxian County. Legend has it that, Liu An, the king of Huainan, assembled eight alchemists to make pills of immortality. And then the method of making Toufu was derived.

“The Soft Gold”—Huoshan Dendrobe
  Huoshan Dendrobe, briefly called Huohu or Mihu, belongs to Orchidaceae and is perennial herbaceous plant. It is a very precious herbal medicine.