Saturday   October  21, 2017
About Culture
      source: en.luan.gov.cn

  The west Anhui has a long river of history with distinguished features. The twilight of the Gaoyao Culture has spread around China and towards the whole world. The Chu culture, rooted in the area between Chanjiang River and Huaihe River, was well developed here. From the Spring and Autumn Periods and Warring States Periods to the mid-term of West Han Dynasty, this district had always thrived with many schools of study and education such as the Taoism, Agriculturalist and Confucian. And in South Song Dynasty and the end of Ming Dynasty, there appeared some famous invention and works, which had great influence on the descendants. In modern era, with the vigorous revolution, the culture of Red Army had a touch of enthusiasm and lively form. There are various types in west Anhui, such as folk song, folk dance and some Chinese folk art forms, which reflect well the diligence and wisdom.

Gaoyao Culture
  Gaoyao, as the grandson of Huangdi, was born in BC. 21. He was regarded as the forefather of Chinese judicial system. He made great contribution to the form of Chinese nationality by assisting Xiayu in governing the country, taming the flood and develop the economy. Gaoyao was respected as “the Four Ancient Saints” together with Yao, Shun, and Yu. He was highly praised by Xiayu. The descendants are quite proud of him, and Emperor Xuanzong in Tang Dynasty honored him as “Wisdom Emperor”.
  The essence of Gaoyao culture is to advocate “Five Disciplines”, define “Five Etiquette”, create “Five Punishments”, set up “Nine Virtues” and be close to “Nine Relatives”. The “Five Disciplines” mean “Father is righteous, Mother is amiable, Elder Brother is friendly, Younger Brother is respectful and Child is filial”. The “Five Etiquette” means the etiquette of “sacrifice, funeral, tribe relationship, regulation and ceremony”. The “Five Punishments” are “punishment towards invasion and betrayal, punishment among military, death penalty or heavy corporal punishment, light corporal punishment and whipping”, which reflect the great progress had been made in punishment system. The “Nine Virtues” mean the following nine virtues: generous but of principle, gentle but be decisive, plain and respectful, talent and worshipful, modest and independent, honest and gracious, simple and clean, brave but not rude, and firm but not stubborn. These virtues are the earliest known standards for measure and choose the officers. The “Nine Relatives” mean being close to the relative tribes, which was a important and effective political strategy under that historical conditions.
  The Gaoyao culture formed at the last stage of transition from our primitive society to class society, and it had made great contribution to the alliance system and reform in culture. The advocacy of Gaoyao had played a great role in the association between tribes and the development of the country. His idea had become one of the important sources of Confucian. It is the precious spirit treasure.
  In order to commemorate Gaoyao, Gaoyao Tomb lying in the east of Lu’an and Gaoyao Memorial Temple which lying to the north of the Tomb has been built in the past. Famous poet Pi Rixiu of Tang Dynasty and literary giant Ouyang Xiu and Su Shi had written poems or articles to praise it. In order to promote the Gaoyao culture and develop the tourist resources, Gaoyao mausoleum has been planned to be built.

Chu Culture in Shouchun
  Chu Culture, dated back to the early Qin Dynasty, is the most important part of ancient Chinese culture with its brilliant, broad and profound content. Its essence includes bronze casting technology, textile and embroidery craft, Taoism, Qu Yuan’s poems, Chuang-tzu’s essays, painting, music and dancing.
  Chu Culture in Shouchun is a unique ancient culture which is the result of mutual influence, penetration and blending of Huaiyi Culture and Chu Culture. Its thriving periods lasted 19 years from 241 BC to 223 BC. It is well known for its deep heritage and distinguished features.

The Red Army Culture
  The Red Army Culture of Soviet Area in West Anhui vividly showed the flaming revolutionary life with its abundant contents and lively forms. It aimed to educate and encourage soldiers of the Red Army and civilians in Soviet Area to devote themselves to the fervent revolution.
  Then, the major educational system included Lenin Primary School, Literacy Class and Part-time School (also dubbed as Night School) and Short-time Training Class. In order to reinforce the propagandize, a series of newspaper were set up. They made a great difference.
  The Red Army Culture Council consisted mainly of propagandize groups, clubs and new opera troupes. Its major art forms included songs, operas and paintings.
  To meet the need of revolution, the Soviet Area also established several red post office. Some rare letters and stamps which are left behind has caught great attention around the country.

The Local Arts
  The local arts of Lu'an have a long history with deep heritage and various art forms.

  Opera
  Lu Opera is the leading opera in Lu'na, also named as "Up Lu". In 1953, "Lu'an Local Opera Experimental Troupe" (later renowned a s West Anhui Lu Opera Troupe) was established. Then Lu Opera makes great progress and some modern Lu Opera, such as Mother and Cheng Hongmei, are performed successfully in Beijing.
  Other characteristic art forms in West Anhui include folk song, dancing, Chinese traditional art forms(such as "Drum Storytelling", "Four-string Storytelling"), paper cutting and lantern fair.

Precious Antique
  Lu'an is a city rich in cultural relics. At present, there are 1700 surface relics, over 20,000 collections (including 300 national antiques). Lu'an owns one national historical famous county, three national key culture relics protection sites, 27 provincial and 327 municipal.