The original Wanxi Museum was founded in 1980 and the new site of the museum was opened in February 2011. Located at Foziling Zhonglu and to the east of Lu'an Municipal Administration Center, the new site of the museum covers an area of 27,000 square meters with a construction area of 12,486 square meters. It has three floors on the ground and one floor underground. The design is unique and the structure is novel. The main body of the site is a three-storey building. In south front of the main building are the east and west side rooms, and behind a two-storey building in the shape of a concave. The layout of the new site is in a combined style of a palace plus courtyard. In general, it represents the Han architectural style with the traditional Hui-style architectural elements.
Lu'an has a long history and profound cultural deposits. There are more than 1,700 historical and cultural relics in the city and the cultural articles and items in the collection of cultural institutions exceed 20,000 pieces, including 300 rated at Grade I. Specifically, there are one national famous historical and cultural city, six major historical sites under state protection, 30 key historical site under provincial protection and 338 historical sites under county protection.
Lu’an has unearthed many nationally important and valuable cultural relics, such as Chu Dading (a giant tripod made in the Chu State between 896 and 951), Yuewang Jian (The sword of Gou Jian, who was king of the Yue kingdom between 496 and 465BC), and Ejun Qijinjie ( A permit made of bronze in the shape of a piece of bamboo for tax-free transport of good issued in 322BC) .The excavation of No. 1 Han Dynasty Tomb in Shuangdun 2006 caused an international sensation which is known as a national top 10 discovery in archaeology of the year.
The museum has nine exhibition halls covering a total area of 6,800 square meters and a collection of almost 10,000 historical and cultural relics, among which 3,000-odd pieces are rated as precious and valuable cultural relics. Since the new site was opened to the public, the museum has arranged over 100 exhibitions, such as the “Revolutionary History of West Anhui”, “Gaoyao Hun –Lu'an’s Outstanding Historical Relics”, “Into West Anhui”, “Folk Customs in West Anhui”, “Luju Opera Performing Art in West Anhui”, and “Yuanheng Memorial Exhibition”. According to statistics, over 1.3 million people have visited the museum. In addition, this museum has compiled and published such books as Brief Revolutionary History of West Anhui, Selected Calligraphy Works of Qingchuan, Anthology of Calligraphy Works and Paintings from the Collection of the Museum, Shouzi Paintings and a Collection of Music Scores of Luju Opera in West Anhui. Moreover, the museum has issued 92 academic papers in national and provincial journals.
Wanxi Museum is a national key museum, one of the first patriotism education bases in Anhui, Anhui national defense education base, patriotism education base of the PLA Artillery Academy, patriotism education base of Lu'an City, and patriotism education base of the West Anhui University. Wanxi museum has played an important in collecting, studying and displaying the history and culture of Lu’an, in carrying out compatriotism and revolutionary tradition education and in promoting the construction of the material, political and spiritual civilization construction over the years.